Did you know?

A male will shed its antlers annually and regrow a new set

Quick Facts

Weight: 30-80kgs

Size: 130-170cms

Number of offspring: 1 fawn per breeding season

Gestation: 8 months

Maturity: 16 months

Lifespan: 25yrs

Predators: Wolves, cougars, lynx, bear, mountain lion, bobcat and coyote


European Fallow Deer

Dama dama


Highly adaptable and can survive in a wide range of habitats including, forest, shrub land, grassland, pastureland and plantations. Living in a variety of climates from cool-humid to warm-dry

Natural behavior

Displaying crepuscular, nocturnal and diurnal patterns. Living in home ranges, males occupy two seasonal home ranges; one during rut and one when they are in bachelor groups


Variety of coat colours ranging from red, brown, almost black and pale fawn with numerous white spots and white under side. Males also have impressive antlers


Free-living herds have been established in U.S, Canada, Europe, UK, West Indies, South America, South Africa, Madagascar, New Zealand, Fiji and Australia


Ruminant; browsing on a wide variety of grasses, herbs, forbs, sedges, but also commonly browse on trees and shrubs, young shoots, beet mast, chestnuts, acorns, roots, flowers, bark, moss, fungi, dried leaves and lichens


Mating occurs annually during the breeding season, also known as ‘rut’. Males spend most of their time establishing territories and will approach females, sniffing and licking to determine if a female is in estrus. Birthing occurs in a hiding place and females don’t immediately rejoin the herd after birth

Social structure

Seasonal variations in group size. A doe herd normally consists of females and their current offspring and sub adults. Mature males form bachelor groups. For a considerable part of the year, the herds live separately, coming together for the autumn rut.


Relatively free from major disease. Hunted by humans