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Did you know?

Tigers have partially webbed feet which allow them to be excellent swimmers Mogo Zoo Have successfully bred a number of tiger cubs

Quick Facts

Weight: 85-110kgs

Size: length 2.2-2.4m

Number of offspring: 2-4 cubs every 3-4yrs

Gestation: 90-110 days

Maturity: 3-4yrs

Lifespan: 10-20yrs

Predators: No true natural predators

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Sumatran Tiger

Panthera tigris sumatrae

Habitat

Living in a wide variety of habitats; tropical lowland evergreen forest, mountain forest, woodlands, tall grass jungle to dry thorn forest. Tigers cope with a broad range of climatic variation but prefer to hunt in dense vegetation

Natural behavior

Territorial; living in home ranges in which they maintain several dens. Display nocturnal hunting behavior although they can be active at any time. Tigers are excellent swimmers and climbers

Description

Smallest of the Surviving Tiger subspecies. Coat is orange and black striped with a whitish underside and white beard. Whiskers are long and ears are small with dark ‘predator spots’

Distribution

Sumatra, Indonesia

Diet

Carnivorous; eating fish, crocodile, pig, deer, fowl

Reproduction

Females come into estrus every 3-9 weeks and mating can occur year round with no specific breeding season. Cubs are helpless at birth and eyes do not open for 1-2 weeks. Females nurse and care for dependent young until they can hunt for themselves at 18-36 months

Social structure

Solitary; males control a territory with a number of females. Females can often be seen with their most recent offspring for up to 3 years

Threats

Poaching for body parts for use in traditional Chinese medicine and pelts as trophies. Habitat destruction due to rapid agricultural growth, palm oil plantations and timber industry