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Bearded Dragons puff themselves up with air to make themselves look bigger when threatened

Quick Facts

Weight: 450-550gms

Size: body length - 20-25cms, tail length - 20-30cms

Number of offspring: 11-30 eggs/clutch, up to 9 clutches/yr

Gestation: 1.5-2 months, Incubation: 2-3 months

Maturity: 2-3yrs

Lifespan: 10-15 yrs

Predators: Fox, Birds, snakes, and feral cats


Central bearded dragon

Pogona vitticeps


Occupies a large range of habitats from arid to Semi-arid woodland, rocky desert and scrublands

Natural behavior

Diurnal and semi arboreal, perching on fallen branches, trees and large rocks to bask in the sun which increases body temperature. Bearded Dragons are ectothermic and require external heat sources to regulate body temperature. During colder months may display a cool-down period known as brumation, where reduced or absent appetite and activity levels are seen


Over all colour varies widely from brown, red-brown, red, yellow, white, and orange. Bearded Dragons can undergo slight shade colour changes to help regulate body temperature as well as a throat pouch ‘beard’ on underside of throat- chin area of which will turn black during breading season in males. Legs are strong and robust


Wide natural range in Eastern and Central Australia


Opportunistic omnivore; insects, small mammals, vegetation including flowers, leaves and sprouting plants


Usually occurring in early spring but may occur from September to March. Courtship involves ‘head bobbing’ by males to display dominance. After mating females will dig a burrow where eggs are laid. Females may also store sperm and produce a number of fertile clutches from one mating

Social structure

Not social but will sometimes congregate in popular feeding or basking spots where a distinct hierarchy will emerge. Males stake out territories and dominance is determined by body size. Females and juveniles maintain smaller territories within a male’s territory


Suffers high mortality as road kill while basking on roads, predation from domestic and pest species