Did you know?

Mogo Zoo has both White and Tawny lions which have both successfully reared a number of offspring.

Quick Facts

Weight: Female 120-180kgs,Males 150-250kgs

Size: Female 1-1.2 m, Males 1.7-2.5m

Number of offspring: 1-6 cubs, every 2yrs Gestation: 4 months

Maturity: 4-5years

Lifespan: Females – 20yrs, Males – 10yrs

Predators: Hyenas preying on their young

 

AFRICAN LION

Panthera leo

Habitat

Broad habitat tolerance from Sub-Sahara grassy plains,savannah woodlands to semi desert. Habitat is largely prey based.

Natural behavior

Territorial, females form the core and are long living residents within the pride territory. Males are not tolerated within the pride once sexual maturity is reached. These animals roam in coalitions until they are strong enough to take over a pride from an older, weak male.

Description

Second largest of the cat species; males have a thick mane surrounding face, becoming darker and fuller in maturity. The coat is short and generally tawny in colour, cubs are born with brown rosettes, disappearing with maturity.

Distribution

Central and Southern Africa

Diet

Predatory carnivore; zebra, impala, wildebeest and buffalo. Individuals also hunt smaller prey: rodents, hares and reptiles. Females perform most of the hunting, primarily at night.

Reproduction

Usually polygynous, with year-round breeding, peaking in rainy season. Dominant pride males have mating rights and females will often synchronously reproduce, nursing the young of other females. Females birth on territory outskirts and return when cubs can walk and raised in a crèche scenario. Females will come back into estrus quickly, if cubs are lost.

Social structure

Very social, living in family groups called prides of usually 5-20 but as big as 30-40. These prides generally consist of a dominant male or male coalition and 5-10 lionesses with offspring. Males rule for an average 2-3 yrs then triumphed by a stronger younger male. Pride takeovers are violent and usually lead to severe injury.

Threats

Poaching, habitat loss for land cultivation and livestock, disease and hunting to prevent livestock loss.